If you like the world of woodworking, you probably know about woodworking joints. Generally, the most common is to use screws or some type of adhesive. But it is not always possible or necessary. For example, you can build the structure of a pergola or a roof without these elements.
Types of Woodworking Joints
Joining wood through assemblies without screws allows us to achieve a natural and beautiful finish. In addition, the union can be more firm and durable because we can distribute better the strength. Even so, it is not easy. It requires above all experience and more time. Of course, it is quicker and easier to use a nail or screw than to get a tight assembly. But as we have said, this system is not always possible or necessary.
In the construction of furniture, the wood joints is usually not necessary since it is usually made use of detachable parts. The slats or planks that we can find on the market already cover the most possible sizes for furniture. Now, splices will be useful if we wanto to build a larger structure, such as a pergola or a porch.
It is the simplest union between two pieces of wood. It is a square or rectangular tenon that, after being mortise, allows joining the wood with the end of the other piece.
Half wood assembly
It is one of the most common, especially in the union of columns and beams. It consists of cutting the two pieces in half to be superimposed, crossed with two wood wicks. This technique allows a strong and indeformable joint.
It is a solid joint if it’s do it with care. The tenon proportion should be between ½ or 1/3 for maximum strength. It can be reinforced to avoid disconnection. This system is very used in the placement of wood floor.
The tenons are open and are seen on both sides. Although it seems more reinforced than the previous ones, it is not, and is only recommended to join narrow pieces, connected by the longer side.
Mortise and tenon
The basic mortise and tenon comprises two components: the mortise hole and the tenon tongue. In this way, the tenonis inserted into a square or rectangular hole cut into the corresponding member. The tenon is cut to fit the mortise hole exactly and usually has shoulders that seat when the joint fully enters the mortise hole. The joint may be glued, pinned, or wedged to lock it in place.
What did you think? Have you ever used any of these woodworking joints?
We leave it here. See you soon with more tips for professional handmade 😉