In the carpentry you will find chisels, drills, sergeants, squadrons … although the names look like taken from a novel by the Grimm brothers, these are some of the tools that will help you in your daily life as craftsman. Of course, they are basic, but they will be there when you need them. With them, you can do almost any project: they are the base to start being a carpentry or a professional handmade.
Firs of all, if you are starting the carpentry, you’ve probably wondered how to start. After much searching and learning from many mistakes, we come to the conclusion that we must have at least 10 tools. You can find many more, but to start these are the essential for all craftsman.
10 carpentry tools that every craftsman should have:
1.- Pencil. Although it seems basic and obvious, without it we are lost. Whether it’s to mark or score, a pencil is the first brushstroke of our project. Always have one … or better, two.
2.- Flexometer. You will find them in many sizes, colours and thicknesses. Usually the most used is from 5 meters and it usually serves for most occasions, but the really important thing about a tape measure is its thickness. This is what determines its rigidity. A thickness about 28-35mm for a meter of 5 meters is a guarantee, especially if the body of the tape has a semi-circular shape.
3- Bevel and square. These tools are essential for most carpentry projects. Whether on paper, wood or any other material, these tools are very useful for drawing perpendicular lines, dividing spaces or imposing rectitude in the immensity of space. Moreover, they are very easy to find in hard plastic or metal.
4.- Sergeant: The sergeant is fundamental for many projects. Thanks to it, you can fix and hold the pieces you want in a firm and controlled way while you cut, paste, files… You must control the size of each project before buying one. If it is short, it will not serve and if it is too long, the weight of the sergeant can twist the piece that you are holding.
5.- Saw. For wood, iron, marquetry … there are a lot of materials. Depending on the purpose use, we must choose one type or another (sorry, there is no universal solution for all materials).
6.- Hammer. It will serve you for many things: nailing, hitting, adjusting … and all that you cannot do with the effort of the hand. Like the saw, there are also many types: carpenter, cabinetmaker (probably the most common), demolition, veneer … Remember that if the handle and head are all wood are called maces. They are only used on assemblies, chisels and other tools with a wooden body.
7.- Chisels. Probably is the basic tool for woodworkers, whether for carving or cutting. They are composed of: a handle of wood or plastic and a steel body with the sharp end. They usually have different profiles and widths according to the type of project that we have to do. You should not confuse them with the gouges, which are differentiated by their curved blade and used for the figurative carving of wood or for the use of the lathe.
8.- Scissors. Our recommendation is to have several, minimum three: one to cut paper, the other for semi-rigid materials (such as plastics or wires) and finally one for wires or other metallic materials.
9.- Auger. It is a small tool to make holes in the wood. In appearance, it is similar to a corkscrew and there are different thicknesses and measures, depending on the dimensions of the hole that we need. Today, few people still use augers (most of them have been replaced by drills) but because of their small size and the ability to control the force manually, they are very useful. Also, you will never have to worry about finding a light or a battery for the drill.
10- Rasp. When we have finished cutting and paste, we have to polish our project. Files are a basic tool to scrape and smooth the wood. You will find them of many types: of half cane, flat, parallel, square, round, … Each form is destined to a type of polish.
As a result, now you know the carpentry tools for the wood, so remember to protect yourself when you use them. All require practice and experience.
We hope we have helped you. And remember, see you in the next post 😉
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