Having an orderly workshop is an essential element, both to save time and to keep tools and equipment in good condition. So, although it costs us, we must acquire from the first moment the habit of order and economy.
If you remember, a few days ago we saw the importance of placing the tools to improve efficiency and attention to work. Today we extend this practice and live in our workshop.
The care of the material in our workshop
Work with wood, ceramics, paint or any other material implies order and offer careful care to the treatment of the material. If we work with pieces of different sizes, it is advisable to arrange them according to their length. For example, in the case of pieces of wood, we must remove the leftover pieces and place them according to their scale. The bigger ones should go to the bottom and the smaller ones in front. The effect we will achieve is an organization in the form of a staircase, seeing the different sizes at a glance. This advice is valid for the organization of fabrics, tarpaulins, plates or other raw materials of common use.
To maintain this structure correctly, it is advisable not to take the first piece that comes to our hands. Before, it is necessary to help with a tape measure and evaluate which piece of material will fit better in our future work. In this way, we will be able to maintain order and the selection will be faster.
To all this, it is always advisable to separate the material according to its value and hardness. Soft, delicate or expensive materials must have an appropriate space. This is where shelves, vertical or horizontal, are very important. Each level will allow us to improve the classification, that is, to divide the material according to the criteria that most interest us for our workshop. For example: date of purchase, weight, type of material, etc.
The order when there are several workers in the same workshop
If several people are going to work in our workshop, the person in charge must form them according to the code of order and hygiene of the company. It is advisable that each operator has his own toolbox or cupboard in his workplace. This makes it easier to avoid inopportune mixtures of materials or tools, as well as unwanted losses which, in the long term, can mean a lot of money.
For its part, the person in charge must supervise the correct placement of the material and the tools of each operator. The common elements, as well as the cleaning material, must be carefully and correctly indicated. If during the work a tool is required, such as a broom, the operator who needs it must know where to find it and if it is available. In the case of consumables (ink cartridges, paper, …) the procedure is the same.
Hygiene at work
Hygiene in the workshop includes different aspects. The most basic is the cleaning of the workshop. With it, the proliferation of infections, accidents, falls, blows is prevented … For this reason, it is necessary a proper daily cleaning, mainly at the end of the working day. We must pay attention to those points where there is greater danger of accidents, such as machines or cutting areas. Care should be taken on the floor, especially in the cleaning of oil stains, grease or other slippery substances.
On the other hand, air is fundamental. It is always necessary to have pure air, because the oxygenation of the blood improves the performance and reduces the fatigue. In a closed space, stale air promotes dizziness, breathing difficulties, headaches … Smoke, industrial gases, dust or even the air conditioning itself generate this kind of harmful air.
For this, it is advisable to comply with a minimum work space. As a general rule, the workshops must be specious. The minimum surface of free pavement per operator must be 2 square meters. The height will not be less than 3 meters and the average cubing should be 10m2 per worker.
The lighting, temperature, humidity and noise are other 4 factors to consider. In this case, it will depend on the type of activity of the company, but they should always be focused on a correct care of the material and workers.